I thought that while I’m getting back into sketching I should say thank you to some artists that I really admire and would like to imitate. First up is Scott Johnson over at MyExtraLife.com. Scott’s artwork has always struck me as sort of Muppet-ish, and coming from me that’s a compliment. Not only is his drawing fantastic and distinctive, his sense of humor is terrific. If you dig through his enormous comic archive you will find comics that are witty, droll, or just plain weird. To seal the deal, he frequently makes fun of Mario. Scott, your work is awesome and you are one of my art heroes!
Psychologist Philip Zimbardo (of the ’71 Stanford Prison Experiment) has some pretty crazy ideas, but I think he’s on to something with his talk at TED 2009 (6:34). He suggests that the way we cope with temptation (and eventually our overall success in life) is tightly linked to a personal trait that we don’t give much thought to: Time-perspective. Every time we make a decision, we are balancing the influences of our past, present and future.
Zimbardo presents six time-perspective factors. He proposes that the ability to switch time perspectives on-the-fly based on your situation is key to success, and suggests that the following ‘profile’ is optimal (slightly modified to show all six factors):
|Moderately High||Goal-Oriented Future or
Where hedonism here means feeling freedom to live as we choose, as opposed to feeling locked in by circumstances.
Too much of one perspective is always bad, and they lead to pretty clear stereotypes – the workaholic has too much goal-oriented future, while the average teenager focuses far too much on hedonistic present. One of my favorite films, The Lion King, is all about changing time perspectives: Simba moves from having an overabundance of positive future to hedonistic present to negative past, and finally to a balance of the three.
I’d like to propose that this principle shows up in the teachings of Jesus. In the gospels, we find that He uses all of these perspectives in his teaching, and applies them as instructions for the kingdom life. In fact, I easily found the four positive perspectives within the sermon on the mount. (By the way, I love the title and tagline of this blog – very appropriate!)
In Matthew 5:17-20, Jesus talks about what role the past should play in our decisions.
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. Truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.”
This powerful statement from Jesus in Matthew 6:25-34 appears to value Zimbardo’s hedonistic present over both the fatalistic present and the goal-oriented future.
“Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more important than food, and the body more important than clothes? Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than they? Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to your life?
“And why do you worry about clothes? See how the flowers of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you—you of little faith? So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well. Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.”
In this brief parable from Matthew 7:24-27, Jesus acknowledges that there is some wisdom in making positive decisions for our future life on earth.
“Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash.”
In this instruction from Matthew 6:19-21, Jesus clearly rates transcendental future thinking (eternal perspective) above goal-oriented future thinking (earthly perspective).
“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
So I think Jesus’ optimal time-perspective profile is a little different than Zimbardo’s. It might look more like this:
|Most Important:||Transcendental Future|
|Least Important:||Fatalistic Present|
And then, I think Paul’s list would be different from Jesus’. I just think it’s fascinating to find yet another way to look at scripture.
Obviously this kind of categorization can be spun to say anything we want, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t worth thinking about. Tomorrow, when you spill your coffee or decide who to sit next to at lunch, when your coworkers are a pain or you’re not sure whether to watch a movie or read a book, think about how your time-orientation is affecting your decision. You might be surprised.
This morning, I had a dream about attending a graduation held in the parking lot of my apartment complex. At this graduation, the choir from my old school sang an arrangement of “Hide and Seek” by Imogen Heap while performing a stomp routine. I don’t even have a copy of that song. I went looking for choir versions, and this one is the most like what I saw and heard in my dream.
Then, while driving my wife to work today, we saw the following three things in sequence:
- A stuffed (dead) poodle in some lady’s back seat
- A large wooden cross tied to the top of a truck (I’m not sure that counts…)
- A small cannon, apparently from the U.S. second artillery, named “Dolly” being pulled behind a car.
Portland sure doesn’t need any help being weird.
On Saturday, I finally got around to selling books down at Powell’s City of Books downtown. I had a couple boxes full of books that I’d been waiting to sell, and several around the house besides. So I gathered them all into a corner of the living room, hunkered down over my laptop and used Powell’s Online Bookbuyer to get a feel for what they might accept.
The online tool took about half of my books and offered me around fifty dollars for the lot. Of course, selling online takes a few weeks to process – I’d much rather get it over with. So I grabbed all the books that the website said it would take, and all the books that were pretty similar to those, and headed downtown.
The line wasn’t bad for a Saturday, and I wasn’t the only person carrying two boxes of books, so that was good. I was amazed at how much they took – I made eighty dollars selling books! ($75 after paying $5 for parking.) They took my complete New Jedi Order series, which is unusual – you’d think they’d have enough Star Wars books. They turned down a few paperbacks due to damage – creased covers and such (My copy of Shadows of the Empire is pretty well-loved). All in all, I did much better than I expected.
We’ll see how I fare selling textbooks on Thursday.
Juan Enriquez coins “Homo Evolutus,” predicts humans will take control over their own evolution within my lifetime.
I’m actually excited about this! What a fascinating threshold our faith will cross when the average person’s direct experience of creation is enhanced by technology.